The exhibits are representative of all the periods of the material civilization of this period (6500 B.C – 3300 BC) and come from excavations or surface researches. The Neolithic communities consist of farmers and livestock breeders who live in small villages all over the plain of Thessaly. Specifically, ceramic vessels of characteristic shapes and ornamentation, storage vessels, crafts and utensils associated with the “Neolithic kitchen” (hearth, cooking equipment, barbecue supports, millstones etc.) are exhibited; furthermore, weaving tools, tools made of animal bones or stone, as well as samples of the first metal (copper) tools which appear at the end of this period, are included. Rich collections of human and animal idols, miniatures of houses and Neolithic household objects and also jewelry, introduce us to the world of the Neolithic ideology. Finally, simple and cremation burials provide a picture for the burial customs of the people of this era.